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Trương Hán Siêu Temple Trương Hán Siêu ( of the 12th century) was a native of
Phúc Thành Commune, Yên Ninh District, Ninh Bình Province. He used to be a
special guest of General Trần Hưng Đạo, and then engaged in political affairs
during Trần Anh Tông’ reign and the Trần Dụ Tông's reign. Granted the title “The
Great Tutor” and “First of the Prince”. When he died, Trương Hán Siêu was
worshipped in Văn Miếu (Temple of Literature). Being a scholar and warrior, he
and Nguyễn Trung Ngoạn composed the Code of Law, making the legal foundation for
the Vietnamese feudal regime. He was also a culturist, opening Vietnam to its
first instance of tourism. His temple was built near his grave when he died.
Due to time and wars, Trương Hán Siêu Temple was leveled and destroyed.
Beginning of 1993, in a house constructing project, people in Ninh Giang Ward
discovered some vestiges of the temple like stone votive-tablets, stone steles,
pillar bases and stone stairways of the temple which were buried deep at this
site. On April 24th 1998, the construction of Trương Hán Siêu Temple was started
on the land in the south-west of Dục Thúy Mountain.
Trương Hán Siêu Temple was built in the “Đinh” shape, including a 3-partitioned
front, a 2-partitioned harem. Two levels of the roof are tiled with sword-shaped
corners. The two edges of the roof are shaped as an imperial boat. On the top of
the temple is the image of two dragons flanking a moon. A big board with the
Chinese characters “Trương Thăng Phủ Tư” is hung on the façade of the temple.
The front has the door painting in fresco, incense-tables and two racks to put
“bat buu” (means “eight weapons” for ornament). The votive tablet of Trương Hán
Siêu is placed in the final partition of the harem. Trương Hán Siêu Temple is a
place cultural and historical importance, it commemorates the pride of Ninh Bình
People for the culturist Trương Hán Siêu.
Non Nước Mountain
The Non Nước mountain, also called Dục Thúy mountain is located in the northeast
of Ninh Bình province. The mountain is over 100m high with a relatively flat top
that varies in heights between the back and the front. The north-eastern side of
the mountain foot has been eroded by ocean waves this has created a steep cliff;
the mountain rise to fully reflect the Đáy river, like an arch shading the
river.The Non Nước mountain is also a history book recording our national
struggle against foreign aggressors for thousands of years. In 1929, a young
revolutionary soldier, Lương Văn Tụy, deafeted enemies in the area to set up the
national flag on the top of Thúy mountain. After the August revolution of 1945,
the foot of this mountain was the gathering place of Southward march battalion.
In the resistance war against French colonialism, a blockhouse was built here by
French troops and the Non Nước mountain was considered a very important place as
a key in defending the Red-river Delta region. Furthermore, this mountain is
also known as a Poetry Mountain as it is the place of many historically famous
poets who came here to enjoy the scenery and to compose poems. There are
hundreds of poems carved on cliffs by ancient celebrities like Lê Thánh Tông,
Trương Hán Siêu, Phạm Sư Mạnh, Ngô Thì Sỹ and etc.
In the Lý Dynasty, under the reign of Lý Nhân Tông King, from the mountain foot
to the east, a Buddhist pagoda called Non Nước pagoda was built. The pagoda was
built of stone, with an ached roof with flying dragons. From the top of The Non
Nước mountain, tourists can see an overall picture of the Ngọc Mỹ Nhân mountain,
the Kite mountain (Cánh Diều) or they can enjoy a panoramic view of a developing
Ninh Bình province.
Hoa Lu ancient capital Hoa Lu Ancient Capital, the stone-walled royal citadel,
is located in Truong Yen Commune, Hoa Lu District, and it is 12km from Ninh Binh
city. Hoa Lu Ancient Capital used to be the economic, political and cultural
center of Dai Co Viet (Great Viet) – the first centralized feudal state in
Vietnam which existed from 968 to 1010 C.E.). It is also the native land of 3
royal dynasties: the Dinh, and the earlier Le and Ly dynastys.
The ancient capital covered an area of 300ha, including the Inner Citadel and
the Outer Citadel. It was surrounded by rock mountain ranges. In the past, Hoa
Lu Royal Capital was adorned with splendid palaces, magnificent temples and
shrines. When King Ly Cong Uan transferred the capital to Thang Long (now known
as Hanoi), it became the ancient capitall.
Due to the ravages of time, Hoa Lu Ancient Citadel no longer exists. Now, there
are only some vestiges related to the Dinh, Le and Ly Dynasties. For example
there is King Dinh Temple for worshipping King Dinh Tien Hoang and his sons, Le
Temple worshipping King Le Dai Hanh, Queen Duong Van Nga and their sons. These
relics together with the mountains ranges have stood the test of centuries.
Tam Coc - Bich Dong Tourist Area Tam Coc- Bich Dong is a famous tourist complex.
Located in Ninh Hai commune, Hoa Lu district, Tam Coc-Bich Dong is 7 km from
Ninh Binh City.
For a long time of history, these places still keep natural features with many
caves, historical and cultural sites that are very famous not only in Vietnam
but also in foreign countries, such as Tam Coc, Thai Vi temple, Bich Dong
pagoda, Fairy Cave (Tien Cave), and Linh Coc pagoda.
There are also many traditional handicraft villages like Ninh Van stone village
and Van Lam lace embroidery village.
Tam Coc-Bich Dong tourist complex is also 1 of 16 national tourist complexes
that have been invested in infrastructure to develop a beautiful and attractive
Van Long Eco-Tourist site
Van Long Eco-Tourist site is an extremely beautiful tourist site as well as the
most flooded nature preserve in the Northern Delta of Vietnam. Mountains and
water of Van Long have an area of 2,600 hectares that is located in 7 communes
of Gia Vien District.
Visiting Van Long ecological area, rowing a boat at the foot of the mountain
tourists can contemplate the mountains having many names like: Meo Cao Mountain
(Scratching Cat Mountain), Co Tien Mountain (Fairy Mountain) and Ba Chon
Mountain. These mountains have strange beauty due to geological moves. Some
goats are gazing on sheer mountain sides that make the picturesque scenery
Cuc Phuong National Park - Dong Chuong Lake Tourist Area
Cuc Phuong National Park and Dong Chuong Lake are 45km from Ninh Binh City, in
Nho Quan District, Ninh Binh province.To get there, you should go along the
National Highway 1A from Ninh Binh City to the south, pass Ghenh Crossing and go
towards Tam Diep Town near Doi Dai crossroad. Then turn right to go along Road
No.12, go to Ria Crossroad and then turn left, go along the street by Dong
You should keep going to Ngoc Crossroad and turn right, continue and reach
entrance to the park.
Tourists can come to this area by the road to Me Town of Gia Vien District.
Quan Chao temple (Soup-shop temple)
Quan Chao temple (Soup-shop temple) is located on Highway No.1, in Bac Son ward,
Tam Diep town (Thien Ly road in the past). Due to the expansion of Highway No.1,
the temple was rebuilt on a hill where it is today. Its official and full name
is "Chuc Son Tien tu" (Fairy temple of Chao mountain).
The temple worships the Lieu Hanh princess. Legend has it that, Mother Lieu
turned out be a mistress of a tea-shop to serve passer-by. When Quang Trung Kinh
and his soldiers went to the North to fight against the Man Thanh enemy in the
late 1788, she cooked soup to feast soldiers. On his victorious return, the King
set up this temple and named it Quan Chao temple (Soup shop temple). There is a
steele that was carved on with the time of the temple restoration in the 7th Tu
Duc year (1854) by Ninh Binh province chief Ton That Tinh.
Entering the temple, tourists can contemplate the skilfully carved altar that is
lacquer trimmed with gold. In the altar, there is Lieu Mother 's statute wearing
white clothes, with a majestic, kind-hearted and tolerant look.
Dong Thai Lake Dong Thai Lake is 25 Km of southeast from Ninh Binh City, being
at the location of Yen Dong and Dong Thai communes, with an area of around 350
hectares, next to the Tam Diep range of beautiful mountains.
The lake is not only an irrigational work for Yen Dong and neighboring communes
but also being used for aquaculture with hundreds of tons of fish being produced
Dong Thai lake has very good potentials for eco-tourism. It is very poetic, when
tourists sit on a boat on the lake they enjoy green mountains and blue waters.
Clear blue lake water reflects cloud shadows and makes tourists feel that they
are flying with clouds on the wind.
After passing the lake, tourists will have chance to visit Ma Tien cave.
Phat Diem Cathedral and Con Thoi Costal Tourist area
Phat Diem Town is 28km from Ninh Binh City to the southeast. It is in Luu Phuong
Commune, Kim Son District.
To get there from Ninh Binh City, you can go along the district-road No.18 to
the Thong crossroad, turn right through Yen Khanh Town. Then you pass through
the crossroad of Quy Hau Market, then turn right and go for about 3km, go past
Nguyen Cong Tru Temple. When you find the Ngoi Bridge on the left–hand, turn
right to reach Phat Diem Stone Cathedral.
You will get to Con Thoi Costal Resort if you go for about 10km more from there.
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